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first_imgBerlin Wall, GermanyBuilt in 1961, the 87 mile (140km) long Berlin Wall encircled West Berlin, separating it from East Germany and came to symbolise the Iron Curtain that divided Western Europe from the Eastern Bloc. Berliners will celebrate 20 years since the fall with the “Festival of Freedom” during which thousands of 2.5m tall dominos will be set up along the former course of the wall and toppled to symbolise its destruction. Find cheap flights to BerlinGreat Wall of ChinaSurely the most famous wall of all, China’s monstrous construction stretches almost 9000km (6000miles) across the north of the country. Originally built to protect the Chinese Empire from the nomadic Xiongnu attackers, large parts of the wall have fallen into disrepair. However, huge sections have been preserved and it’s one of China’s most iconic attractions. Find cheap flights to Beijing Walls of Constantinople, Istanbul, TurkeyThis series of defensive stone walls were built to surround the (then) city of Constantinople. The impressive gates are castle-like in their mighty construction, and protected the city from attack from both sea and land. The walls proved their worth, saving the city and the Byzantine Empire from several sieges, although they proved less resilient to the advent of gunpowder. Find cheap flights to IstanbulWestern Sahara wall, Morocco/Western SaharaStarted in 1980, this 2700km sand and stone construction runs through Western Sahara and the south east of Morocco and was built to separate the Moroccan controlled areas from the Polisario controlled areas. Standing at around 3m in height, much of the wall runs through uninhabited territory and is dotted with fences, landmines and artillery posts. The wall is part of an ongoing dispute between Western Saharans who want independence from Morocco. Find cheap flights to MarrakechWestern Wall, Jerusalem, IsraelAlso known as the Wailing Wall, much of this construction is hidden behind and below other buildings built along its length. However, there is a 57m exposed section which is an extremely important landmark, and has become a place of pilgrimage for Jews. Its importance lies in the fact that the Western Wall is the only remnant of the Holy Temple, and it’s the closest accessible site to the most sacred spot in Judaism. Find cheap flights to Tel AvivHadrian’s Wall, EnglandThis 117km stone and turf fortification was built by the Roman Empire across the entire width of northern England in an attempt to keep those pesky northern barbarians out. Now a UNESCO World heritage site, much of the wall still exists and the Hadrian’s Wall Path is popular with hikers and walkers. Find cheap flights to EnglandBelfast Peace Line, Belfast, Northern IrelandThis series of barriers and walls were built to separate Catholic and Protestant neighbourhoods in Belfast. Constructed of iron, brick and steel, they stand at over 20 feet high, stretch for several miles and are dotted at intervals with manned gates. Parts of the Belfast Peace lines have become tourist locations but the future of the barriers is under discussion, with the possibility of their deconstruction a hot topic. Find cheap flights to Belfast Israeli West Bank barrier, West BankCurrently the most controversial wall in the world, the Israeli West Bank barrier is a network of fences, trenches and concrete walls up to 8m high currently being constructed by the Israeli government to separate the Israeli and Palestinian populations in the West Bank. The barrier is an ongoing source of dispute and unrest between the two peoples. Find cheap flights to Tel AvivWalls of Dubrovnik, CroatiaThis series of stone walls that surround the city state of Dubrovnik have protected it from attach since the 7th century and have been considered amongst the greatest fortification systems of the medieval period – having never been breached by a hostile army. The old city of Dubrovknik is now a UNESCO World Heritage site, and much of the city walls have been preserved and remain a popular tourist attraction today. Find cheap flights to Dubrovnik RelatedBerlin: weekend of the weekBerlin – Germany’s cool capital10 best free things to do in BerlinIn Berlin on a tight budget? Our local expert shares her top insider tips for the best free things to do on a Berlin break.10 incredible places to visit in GermanyGermany isn’t all about swigging beer and the Berlin Wall (although both should be on your holiday hitlist!). From cutting-edge art collections to fairytale castles, feast your eyes on these 10 must-visit German destinations and the top things to do when you get there. The 9th of November 2009 is the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall.It was one of the most important events in recent European history and paved the way for the reunification of East and West Germany after more than 40 years of division. From the Berlin wall to the Belfast Wall, it seems barriers and borders are constantly going up and coming down.Skyscanner introduces the longest, tallest and stickiest walls around the world.center_img Gum Wall, Seattle, USANot all walls divide people; some stick them together. Seattle’s Gum Wall was once just an average brick wall, but it’s now blanketed in chewing gum and has become one of the city’s stickiest sights. The tradition of placing used chewing gum on the wall was started by punters queuing for a nearby theatre; now the wall is plastered in gum several inches thick. According to the Seattle Times, it has even become a popular place for more quirky couples to take their wedding photographs. Find cheap flights to Seattle (image: Mademan.com)ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Maplast_img read more

first_img Source:https://sydney.edu.au/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Aug 27 2018We use them for everything from banking to workouts, and now research from the University of Sydney shows mobile apps could potentially save lives by helping people with coronary heart disease keep on top of their medication.Published today in Heart, and presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress in Germany, the study shows the use of high-quality medication reminder apps increases people’s adherence to cardiovascular medication.While medication apps have long been available online, this is some of the first research to explore the evidence around their effectiveness in people with heart disease and whether they work in terms of health and behavior.Senior author Associate Professor Julie Redfern said coronary heart disease is the leading cause of death globally and around 40 percent of patients do not adhere to their medications, therefore increasing their risk of subsequent heart attacks.”Patients with coronary heart disease can become overwhelmed with the amount of pills they are taking as they are often prescribed up to four different types of medication, which need to be taken sometimes up to three times a day,” said Associate Professor Redfern from the University of Sydney’s Westmead Applied Research Centre.The randomized clinical trial followed 160 predominately male patients over a three month period and compared the medication usage of patients in usual care to those supported to download and use medication apps.Researchers also compared the use of basic apps (with one-time reminder alarms) to those with more advanced features. They found no additional benefits were gained from the advanced apps with elements such as the ability to snooze reminders and track taken and missed doses, adherence statistics and social support structures including alerting a friend or family member to missed doses.Related StoriesStudy explores role of iron in over 900 diseasesImplanted device uses microcurrent to exercise heart muscle in cardiomyopathy patientsWeightlifting is better for the heart than cardioLead author Dr Karla Santo from the University of Sydney said the results from the trial are very encouraging.”It’s exciting that a basic app – some of which can be accessed for free – could help improve people’s medication use and prevent further cardiovascular complications.”In 2016, Dr Santo and colleagues from the University of Sydney and George Institute for Global Health conducted a review of medication reminder apps available via iTunes and Google app stores.The review rated Medisafe as the top ranking interactive app, and My Heart my Life (currently being updated) and Pill reminder among the top basic apps available at the time. However, the vast majority of the apps on the market were judged to be low quality.Dr Santo said the next step is to carry out further research to see if apps can be used to sustain medication adherence over a longer period and the impact this has on health outcomes. Also, to trial the apps for other health conditions such as cancer, lung disease and stroke.”Participants in our trial were followed up after 3 months but longer term and larger studies are more likely to be able to show benefits or challenges of app usage, as well as the impact on additional measures such as blood pressure and cholesterol.”The clinical trial is a collaboration between the University of Sydney’s Westmead Applied Research Centre, the George Institute for Global Health and Westmead Hospital, with colleagues from the Westmead Institute for Medical Research and University of New South Wales.last_img read more