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Berlin Wall Germany Built in 1961 the 87 mile 1

first_imgBerlin Wall, GermanyBuilt in 1961, the 87 mile (140km) long Berlin Wall encircled West Berlin, separating it from East Germany and came to symbolise the Iron Curtain that divided Western Europe from the Eastern Bloc. Berliners will celebrate 20 years since the fall with the “Festival of Freedom” during which thousands of 2.5m tall dominos will be set up along the former course of the wall and toppled to symbolise its destruction. Find cheap flights to BerlinGreat Wall of ChinaSurely the most famous wall of all, China’s monstrous construction stretches almost 9000km (6000miles) across the north of the country. Originally built to protect the Chinese Empire from the nomadic Xiongnu attackers, large parts of the wall have fallen into disrepair. However, huge sections have been preserved and it’s one of China’s most iconic attractions. Find cheap flights to Beijing Walls of Constantinople, Istanbul, TurkeyThis series of defensive stone walls were built to surround the (then) city of Constantinople. The impressive gates are castle-like in their mighty construction, and protected the city from attack from both sea and land. The walls proved their worth, saving the city and the Byzantine Empire from several sieges, although they proved less resilient to the advent of gunpowder. Find cheap flights to IstanbulWestern Sahara wall, Morocco/Western SaharaStarted in 1980, this 2700km sand and stone construction runs through Western Sahara and the south east of Morocco and was built to separate the Moroccan controlled areas from the Polisario controlled areas. Standing at around 3m in height, much of the wall runs through uninhabited territory and is dotted with fences, landmines and artillery posts. The wall is part of an ongoing dispute between Western Saharans who want independence from Morocco. Find cheap flights to MarrakechWestern Wall, Jerusalem, IsraelAlso known as the Wailing Wall, much of this construction is hidden behind and below other buildings built along its length. However, there is a 57m exposed section which is an extremely important landmark, and has become a place of pilgrimage for Jews. Its importance lies in the fact that the Western Wall is the only remnant of the Holy Temple, and it’s the closest accessible site to the most sacred spot in Judaism. Find cheap flights to Tel AvivHadrian’s Wall, EnglandThis 117km stone and turf fortification was built by the Roman Empire across the entire width of northern England in an attempt to keep those pesky northern barbarians out. Now a UNESCO World heritage site, much of the wall still exists and the Hadrian’s Wall Path is popular with hikers and walkers. Find cheap flights to EnglandBelfast Peace Line, Belfast, Northern IrelandThis series of barriers and walls were built to separate Catholic and Protestant neighbourhoods in Belfast. Constructed of iron, brick and steel, they stand at over 20 feet high, stretch for several miles and are dotted at intervals with manned gates. Parts of the Belfast Peace lines have become tourist locations but the future of the barriers is under discussion, with the possibility of their deconstruction a hot topic. Find cheap flights to Belfast Israeli West Bank barrier, West BankCurrently the most controversial wall in the world, the Israeli West Bank barrier is a network of fences, trenches and concrete walls up to 8m high currently being constructed by the Israeli government to separate the Israeli and Palestinian populations in the West Bank. The barrier is an ongoing source of dispute and unrest between the two peoples. Find cheap flights to Tel AvivWalls of Dubrovnik, CroatiaThis series of stone walls that surround the city state of Dubrovnik have protected it from attach since the 7th century and have been considered amongst the greatest fortification systems of the medieval period – having never been breached by a hostile army. The old city of Dubrovknik is now a UNESCO World Heritage site, and much of the city walls have been preserved and remain a popular tourist attraction today. Find cheap flights to Dubrovnik RelatedBerlin: weekend of the weekBerlin – Germany’s cool capital10 best free things to do in BerlinIn Berlin on a tight budget? Our local expert shares her top insider tips for the best free things to do on a Berlin break.10 incredible places to visit in GermanyGermany isn’t all about swigging beer and the Berlin Wall (although both should be on your holiday hitlist!). From cutting-edge art collections to fairytale castles, feast your eyes on these 10 must-visit German destinations and the top things to do when you get there. The 9th of November 2009 is the 20th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin wall.It was one of the most important events in recent European history and paved the way for the reunification of East and West Germany after more than 40 years of division. From the Berlin wall to the Belfast Wall, it seems barriers and borders are constantly going up and coming down.Skyscanner introduces the longest, tallest and stickiest walls around the world.center_img Gum Wall, Seattle, USANot all walls divide people; some stick them together. Seattle’s Gum Wall was once just an average brick wall, but it’s now blanketed in chewing gum and has become one of the city’s stickiest sights. The tradition of placing used chewing gum on the wall was started by punters queuing for a nearby theatre; now the wall is plastered in gum several inches thick. According to the Seattle Times, it has even become a popular place for more quirky couples to take their wedding photographs. Find cheap flights to Seattle (image: Mademan.com)ReturnOne wayMulti-cityFromAdd nearby airports ToAdd nearby airportsDepart14/08/2019Return21/08/2019Cabin Class & Travellers1 adult, EconomyDirect flights onlySearch flights Maplast_img read more

first_imgThe Nazca Lines in Peru have baffled mankind for quite a long time–and now the mystery is even more intriguing. They are a series of enormous geoglyphs etched into a roughly 200-square-mile stretch of the desert, created by pre-Inca people somewhere between the 4th century B.C. and the 10th century A.D. This early land art features lines measuring as long as 30 miles and are best viewed from the air or from surrounding hillsides.. A team of researchers say the Nazca Lines represent “one of the most attractive ancient mysteries in the world.” It’s hypothesized that the geoglyphs had ritual astronomical functions, but no one knows for sure.Nazca lines hummingbird but now considered to be a hermit. Photo by Fabien M. CC by 2.0It’s the geometric shapes that are the focus of their new research,  ranging from triangles to trapezoids and spirals, even the figure of a human which has been dubbed the “astronaut”. Some 70 depictions of plants and animals can be seen. But researchers have discovered that some of Peru’s massive creations were identified incorrectly, and that the figures are actually of birds who lived far away from the site of geoglyphs. This clearly raises many new questions.The Nazca lines “astronaut”. Photo by (WT-shared) Shoestring at wts wikivoyage. CC by SA-1.0Among the 16 massive bird carvings in the Nazca desert of southern Peru are a hermit (a forest species) and a pelican (a coastal bird), according to research published in June 2019 in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports. The figure of a “hummingbird” is now considered to be a hermit, which is a close relation to a hummingbird but not found the areas where the Nazca lines were created.The Nazca lines “spider”. Photo by (WT-shared) Shoestring at wts wikivoyage CC by SA 1.0Their findings indicate the geoglyphs represent exotic species of birds found a far distance from where the lines were created. “We revealed several discrepancies between their geoglyphic characteristics and those of the taxonomic groups to which they were attributed by previous research,” they wrote.Related Video: 3,500 Year Old Prehistoric Friezes Unearthed Near Lima, Peru“In addition, we determined that some of the geoglyphs depicted a number of specific birds, including hermit, pelicans, and what is most likely an immature parrot. Each of these birds is regionally exotic. For instance, hermits and parrots are found in tropical rain forests whereas pelicans live in coastal areas.”The Nazca lines “parrot”. Photo by Unukorno CC by 3.0The Nazca Lines may be best known for the representations of  animals and plants that measure up to 1,200 feet long.  The Nazca people also created other forms, such as a humanoid figure (nicknamed “The Astronaut”), hands, and some completely unidentifiable depictions.Another Nazca lines “parrot”.In 2011, a Japanese team discovered a new geoglyph that appears to represent a scene of beheading, which is far smaller than other Nazca figures and not easily seen from aerial surveys, according to History. The Nazca people were known to collect “trophy heads,” and research in 2009 revealed that the majority of trophy skulls came from the same populations as the people they were buried with (rather than outside cultures).The Nazca lines “whale”. Photo by (WT-shared) Shoestring at wts wikivoyage CC by SA-1.0In 2016, the same team found another geoglyph, this time one that depicts a 98-foot-long mythical creature that has many legs and is sticking out its tongue.A trio of Japanese researchers—Masaki Eda of the Hokkaido University Museum, Takeshi Yamasaki of Yamashina Institute for Ornithology, and Masato Sakai of Yamagata University—have now revealed that many of the birds in question were previously misidentified.The Nazca lines “dog”So far their best explanation is that the people who drew these images could have seen the faraway birds while traveling. “Our findings show that they drew exotic birds, not local birds, and this could be a clue as to why they drew them in the first place,” explains Eda.Related Article: Ireland’s Mysterious Newgrange Tomb – Older than the Great PyramidsThe team does believe this exoticism is significant: “If exotic/non local birds were not significant for the Nasca people, there are no reason to draw their geoglyph,” study author Masaki Eda told Newsweek. “So, their existence should be closely related to the purpose of etching geoglyphs. But the reason is difficult to answer.”Nancy Bilyeau, a former staff editor at Entertainment Weekly, Rolling Stone, and InStyle, has written a trilogy of historical thrillers for Touchstone Books. Her new book, The Blue, is a spy story set in the 18th-century porcelain world. For more information, go to www.nancybilyeau.comlast_img read more