At an RBI function early last month, Prime Minister Narendra Modi asked why India still imports paper and ink to print its currency notes, instead of making them in India. He then exhorted to make the Indian rupee truly swadeshi by using Indian ink and paper, as part of his government’s ‘Make in India’ programme.”Can we not take a pledge that from a certain date onwards the paper and ink used to print our currency are both Indian?” he asked at the function to mark the bank’s completion of 80 years.India may not be far away from making it a reality, because a Gujarat-based company apparently supplies green ink used in the printing of the US dollar, according to a report.”We believe that one of our customers is supplying green to the greenback in USA…part of the greenback ink – the green colour comes from our pigment,” Ashish N Soparkar, managing director, Meghmani Organics told NDTV.Greenback is the nickname of the US dollar and it is currently printed in denominations of $1, $2, $5, $10, $20, $50, and $100.”Pigments go into colouring multiple products. It goes into the ink, it goes into the plastic, rubber, paint, everywhere wherever you see colour, colour comes from pigment,” Soparkar said.”For ink not the fountain pen ink, but the packaging ink, newspaper ink, magazine ink, poster ink. Lot of applications including security ink like currency notes, bond papers etc.,” Soparkar added.Soparkar said that the company exports half of its output to 80-85 countries. The company aims to increase revenues from the pigments business to cross Rs 500 crore in the current fiscal year from Rs 430 crore in 2014-2015.Meghmani Organics, which manufactures general agrochemicals and pigments, is listed on both the National Stock Exchange (NSE) and the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE).The company’s share price witnessed a massive gain of over 70 per cent in the last one year, rising 20 percent in the last week alone.As far as the Indian rupee is concerned, almost 80 per cent of the notes are printed on imported cotton-based paper, according to a senior RBI official.
Rohingya refugee camp. File PhotoA Rohingya man was shot dead Thursday as local gangs fired at each other in a crowded refugee camp in southern Bangladesh, police said.Police said 32-year-old Hossain Ali was killed as he took part in a suspected turf war over drugs at Nayapara camp near Teknaf, an enormous settlement that is home to thousands of displaced Muslims from the persecuted minority.Bangladesh says more than one million Rohingya refugees live in squalid camps in the region, having fled successive waves of violence in Myanmar’s Rakhine district.Another man, wanted by police since being released from prison last year, was also shot but managed to escape, officials said.Refugees at the camp told AFP at least 10 gunshots were heard in the early morning.Local police did not recover any weapons but Teknaf police chief Ranjit Kumar Barua confirmed Ali was “struck in the gun battle and died”.A Rohingya community leader, Mirza Ghalib, said it was believed the skirmish was over “yaba”, the local name for the methamphetamine pills popular in Bangladesh.Police say most of the drugs enter Bangladesh from Myanmar via Rohingya traffickers, sometimes hidden in false bottoms on fishing boats.In recent weeks, police have arrested half a dozen Rohingya in possession of large quantities of the addictive stimulant.Nurul Alam, a known criminal with alleged ties to Rohingya militants, was also shot “but fled after being struck by bullets”, Barua said.Myanmar blames Rohingya militants for a 25 August strike on security posts in Rakhine state that triggered a fierce army crackdown.The UN and the US have said the retaliatory response by Myanmar security forces amounted to “ethnic cleansing”. Nearly 700,000 Rohingya have fled Rakhine since August.Police allege Alam organised a raid on a Bangladeshi security post near Nayapara in 2016, in which a commander was killed and 11 guns stolen. He was arrested and later released on bail in December pending a trial but quickly returned to crime, police said.Local community leaders believe Alam has ties to Rohingya militants but Ruhul Amin, local commander of the elite Rapid Action Battalion police unit, told AFP it was not clear if this was the case.Alam allegedly appeared in a video holding assault rifles that was distributed by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army.Myanmar last week bolstered security and artillery installations near along its border, saying it believed Rohingya militants were hiding in nearby camps.
To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: 00:00 /01:01 Davis Land | Houston Public MediaHarvey victims work with Health and Human Services representatives to apply for the Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program at Greenspoint Mall on September 22nd, 2017.People affected by Harvey still have time to get in on government health plans.While the national deadlines for coverage under Medicare or the Affordable Care Act have already passed, anyone who lives in the Texas counties with a FEMA disaster declaration has until December 31st to enroll or change federal health plans.The extension also applies to people who lived in those counties when Harvey struck, even if they’ve since moved away. For Medicare, the extension goes one step further, covering people who don’t live in the affected areas, if they require help making healthcare decisions from family or friends who were impacted by the storm.Angela Brice-Smith, the regional administrator for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, said health agencies realize people are still recovering.“You know, it’s such an incredible journey after your home has been damaged, and all of your things that you’ve accumulated over a long time have been lost or damaged,” she said. “It takes a while.”If you want either of the extensions, you have to request them from Medicare or from the federal health marketplace. Some proof that you qualify might also be required. Share Listen X
Black and silver experimental vehicles parked facing south in Sacramento, California on July 17, 2010. Keeping cool using the summer heat More information: eetd.lbl.gov/news-archives/news-cool-cars.htmleetd.lbl.gov/newsletter/nl19/eetd-nl19-1-cool.htmlPaper reference: “Potential benefits of solar reflective car shells: Cooler cabins, fuel savings and emission reductions.” Ronnen Levinson, Heng Pan, George Ban-Weiss, Pablo Rosado, Riccardo Paolini, and Hashem Akbari, was recently published in the journal Applied Energy (Volume 88, pp. 4343–4357). Citation: Silver and white cars are cooler, says study (2011, October 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-10-silver-white-cars-cooler.html Comparison of roof surface temperatures measured during soaking and cooling trials. Explore further © 2011 PhysOrg.com The numbers continue to take on special significance when extended nationwide. An improvement of 2 to 2 percent in fuel economy, scaled to the fleet of light-duty vehicles in the United States, represents savings of gallons of gas in the billions, if these design changes are adopted by the automotive industry.White, silver, and other light colors are coolest, reflecting about 60 percent of sunlight but there are dark “cool” colors that can also stay cooler than traditional dark colors. When dark surfaces are needed for aesthetics or to reduce brightness, one can use special “cool-colored” materials that stay moderately cool by reflecting only the invisible component of sunlight. Solar reflective paints can decrease the ‘soak’ temperature of the air in a car that has been parked in the sun.Manufacturing designers looking more closely into recipes for pigmented coatings that maximize solar reflectance colors would find plenty of interesting research into cool colors at the Berkeley Lab. Its researchers have been looking into roofs and cool colors for some years. They have been measuring the solar spectral reflectance (reflectance versus wavelength over the solar spectrum) of commercially available pigments. The research team has developed a pigment database describing a variety of colors, including browns, blues, purples, greens, and reds, that are cool, in that they are highly reflective to near-infrared radiation. Ronnen Levinson, scientist in the Heat Island Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, is lead author of the study. The research was published in Applied Energy.The researchers had two cars in the sun for an hour, one black and the other silver, parked facing south, in Sacramento, California. The silver Honda Civic (shell SR 0.57) had a cabin air temperature of about 5-6°C (9-11°F) lower than an identical black car (shell SR 0.05). A silver (or white) shell would allow for a lower-capacity air conditioner as well. The cars were run through five identical cycles of soaking in the sun. Each cycle consisted of an hour with the air conditioners off, followed by a half hour of cooling with the air conditioners running at maximum. The researchers measured the roof, ceiling, dashboard, windshield, seat, door, vent air and cabin air temperatures in each car along with weather conditions in the lot.Overall, the numbers compiled in this car-color exercise found that using white or silver paint instead of black paint would raise fuel economy by 0.44 mpg (2.0 percent); would decrease carbon dioxide emissions by 1.9 percent, and reduce other automotive emissions by about 1 percent. Air conditioning in cars not only decreases fuel economy but also increases tailpipe emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants. In this sense, cool-color cars influence both the driver and the planet. (PhysOrg.com) — From an environment standpoint, silver and white cars are cool; black cars are not. Researchers at the Berkeley Lab Environmental Energy Technologies Division (EETD) say that the color of your car affects your car’s fuel economy and how seriously you contribute to pollution. A light-colored shell reflects more sunlight than a dark car shell. The cooler the color, the cooler the cabin air, and the less of a need to run your air conditioner. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.