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first_img Antibiotics not the solution for STD that affects 250 million people When parasites catch viruses Pioneered, along with two others from MIT, use of field experiments to determine effectiveness of world poverty programs Michael Kremer wins Nobel in economics Children who receive sustained treatment against common parasitic infections grow up to achieve a higher standard of living, with long-lasting health and economic benefits that extend to their communities, according to new findings from an international research team.The pioneering 20-year study of Kenyan schoolchildren led by Edward Miguel, an economist at UC Berkeley, and co-authored by Michael Kremer, the Gates Professor of Developing Societies and winner of the 2019 Sveriges Riksbank Prize in Economic Sciences in Memory of Alfred Nobel, found that youngsters who received a few extra years of deworming treatment — costing as little as 50 cents a child per year — eventually achieved better jobs and attained higher incomes than those who got less treatment.“We found that, in Kenya, this modest investment led to significant improvements in the lives of infected individuals and for whole communities, and the benefits are long-lasting,” said Miguel, a development economist. “But parasitic infections remain prevalent in many low-income countries, and there’s a resurgence in some poor, rural low-income areas of the United States. Clearly, this research can serve as a guide to policymakers in much of the world.”Kremer, whose Nobel Prize recognized his development of novel ways to study poverty, said the research also provides an unanticipated warning in light of the COVID-19 pandemic: Students who lose a year or more of school — and school-based social services — may likewise risk suffering lasting negative impact on their work and earning power.,“In the current context of Kenya and many other countries, many investments in health and education have been interrupted by COVID-19,” said Kremer. “Finding a way to resume them will be critical for the next generation of children.”The new research was published today as a working paper by the National Bureau of Economic Research. Miguel is the Oxfam Professor of Environmental and Resource Economics at UC Berkeley and faculty director of the Center for Effective Global Action (CEGA), a hub for research on global development. Joan Hamory Hicks at the University of Oklahoma; Michael Walker, a postdoctoral scholar at CEGA; and Sarah Baird at George Washington University are the study’s other co-authors.According to the World Health Organization, more than 1.5 billion people — nearly 24 percent of the global population — are infected with parasitic worms such as hookworm, roundworm, whipworm, and flatworm. These parasites infect the intestines, and in some cases, the urinary tract. Globally, more than 868 million children are at risk.These problems tend to be concentrated in warm, damp climates where low-income communities have poor sanitation. When infected people defecate in the open, the parasites’ eggs contaminate the soil or fresh water; tiny worms can penetrate the feet of passersby and work their way up to the hosts’ intestines.The health impact can range from mild to severe, depending on the degree of infection. Children may experience stomach ailments and fatigue. Infections also have been linked to impaired physical and mental development.In 1998, an NGO started the Primary School Deworming Project, using the schools in the Busia District (now Busia County) of Western Kenya as a focus of treatment efforts. Preliminary research found that infection rates were over 90 percent — in effect, virtually every student in the district was infected. Because of the NGO’s financial and administrative constraints, a decision was made to phase in treatment: Students at 50 schools were selected to begin health education and deworming treatment in 1998 or 1999, while those at 25 others started the regimen in 2001.Miguel and Kremer evaluated the Kenyan program in 2004 and found a clear positive impact: School absenteeism was cut by at least 25 percent, with the greatest improvements among younger students. Deworming “substantially improved” attendance even among untreated students, they found, because treatment reduced the prevalence of worm eggs in the area.The 2004 study led to the founding of Deworm the World, and Kenya and many other nations adopted ambitious anti-worm programs, dramatically improving life for hundreds of millions of children. Today’s research is based on outcomes for participants after 20 years, one of the longest study periods ever achieved for parasitic worm infections and interventions. The researchers tracked the former students as they transitioned to adult life, even those who moved within Kenya or migrated to other countries. “We’re showing that even 20 years later, there are measurable, meaningful improvements in the quality of life for these individuals.” — Edward Miguel, economist UC Berkeleycenter_img They found that students who received two or three years of extra treatment in the early years of the program reported significant benefits as mature adults:Hourly earnings were higher by 13 percent.Consumer spending was 14 percent higher.Work hours in non-agricultural jobs, which usually pay more, were 9 percent higher.Overall, the small investment in deworming treatment produced an annualized 37 percent rate of return.“You might assume that in a program like this, for children, you would get some transient gain but that people would eventually go back to the way they were,” Miguel said. “But we’re showing that even 20 years later, there are measurable, meaningful improvements in the quality of life for these individuals.”“The research is important because it lays bare the advantages of the deworming program both in the short term, including increased cognitive abilities [and] reduced school absenteeism amongst our school-going children, as well as long-term effects, such as increased wages,” said Nereah A. Olick, director of primary education for the Ministry of Education in Kenya. “The research findings informed the establishment of the very successful Kenya national school-based deworming program, which currently is on its eighth year of implementation and has become a globally recognized, high-impact model for successful cross-sectoral partnership. Other countries keep learning from this flagship program.”One of the primary accomplishments of the research has been its pioneering use of randomized controlled trials. While a variety of factors might ultimately contribute to an individual’s health and success in adulthood, such trials allow the researchers to isolate the impact of a single factor. In effect, they can put parental support or educational success aside, and look only at the effect of the deworming program. Related The Nobel committee cited Kremer’s development of research techniques in awarding him the economics prize last year, and specifically noted the team’s work on deworming in Kenya. The researchers are now moving toward new questions. They want to see whether the benefits achieved by one generation in Kenya carry over to their children, and why men seem to benefit economically more than women.While deworming research has helped countries such as Kenya and India achieve great human benefit, the research evidence still must be carried to policymakers, medical workers, and the public in many other low- and middle-income countries, particularly during the present pandemic. Schools, which are currently suspended in Kenya and many other nations, are often a place where students receive some meals and medical care, including deworming medication.“For these kids, losing a couple of years of schooling can have really bad consequences,” Miguel said. “They need a response right now to find a way to deliver at least some of those services.”The research project has received sustained support from the U.S. National Institutes of Health and was funded in part by GiveWell.last_img read more

first_imgThe battle to attract top talent in the technology industry has been raging worldwide for years. As Meghan Biro, an author and CEO of TalentCulture Consulting Group, puts it, “The talent war is rampant in the tech industry, and engineers are now attracted not only by financial prospects, but also because of a brand’s name and reputation. When they join these companies, the workplace culture is so strong that every little detail embodies what the company stands for. This is what makes all the employees feel like they belong to a family, not just a business.”At Dell Technologies, this is in our DNA. We know people want to work for a great business, and also for a great place to work. When it comes to our brand reputation, and more importantly to our team members and the culture that so strongly binds and unites us, our business serves as its own talent magnet. In fact, LinkedIn just recognized Dell Technologies as a top company where the U.S. wants to work now. We’re honored to be on LinkedIn’s list of top companies for being a respected brand and innovator, and attracting consistently heavy interest from job seekers. In addition to the U.S. market, Dell Technologies also made the coveted lists for the United Kingdom, Germany and Australia for 2018. It’s also in line with research recently carried out by Indeed, which ranked Dell at the very top of its list for Ireland’s best places to work list.I wrote about building an exceptional brand after Dell Technologies was recognized among Fortune’s Most Admired Companies for 2018, and, of course, how market-leading products and services are instrumental to this endeavor. But who makes that happen? Our people. Our people embody our Culture Code, which defines our values and is made real every day by how we work and lead. Our people are the heart and soul of Dell Technologies’ success and they drive the industry-leading, award-winning innovation behind our products and services, while always putting our customers first. And it’s our people who are the reason we’re being recognized again as a top company by LinkedIn.The 2018 lists from LinkedIn represent the companies where professionals most want to work today, based on the actions of LinkedIn’s 546 million professionals (with 146 million in the U.S. alone), including a brand’s reputation, reach and engagement with job seekers, and also how well a brand retains its new hires, a critical measure of success. The passion and dedication of our people across the company is truly inspiring and helps serve as a magnet for more top talent in search of a great place to work. I’m happy to say we’re hiring. Learn more about our career opportunities today.last_img read more

first_imgThe Indiana House of Representatives unanimously passed a bill to change state law to require private university police departments to disclose records related to arrests or incarcerations.The bill was approved by a 95-to-0 vote during last Thursday’s session. It will now move to the Indiana Senate for consideration.State Rep. Patrick Bauer (D-South Bend), co-author of the bill, said in a previous interview with The Observer that the purpose of the bill is to require university police departments to be more transparent with their public records. If passed, the bill would apply to Notre Dame Security Police (NDSP), the University’s private police force.In January 2015, ESPN filed a lawsuit against the University after NDSP refused to grant an ESPN reporter access to campus police records related to student-athletes. The case, ruled in Notre Dame’s favor by the St. Joseph Superior Court, was appealed to the Indiana Court of Appeals by ESPN. Oral arguments for the appeal are scheduled for Feb. 24, according to the South Bend Tribune.Bauer, a Notre Dame alumnus, said the bill is not a direct result of the ESPN lawsuit. Rather, he said the bill stems from concerns raised by Indiana citizens, including many Notre Dame graduates.Because the bill relates only to cases involving arrests and incarcerations, university police departments will still not be required to disclose the same range of records as public police departments.Bauer said the bill was crafted by bipartisan authors, with the help from the Independent Colleges of Indiana (ICI). Although Bauer sits on the board of the ICI, he said there is no conflict of interest because his position is unpaid, according to the South Bend Tribune.Tags: independent colleges of indiana, Indiana House of Representatives, NDSP, Patrick Bauerlast_img read more

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York Who ordered the chilly dog?Suffolk County police officers saved a 3-month-old Labrador puppy that had fallen through the ice on Homan Creek in Bayport on Monday morning.Officers responded to a 911 call of a dog in the canal off Paulanna Avenue at 8:20 a.m.The pup’s owner, Kevin Fitz, told responding officers at the scene that his puppy, Simon, was missing from his Salt Meadow Lane home.One of the officers spotted broken ice on the creek, followed the trail with Fitz until they heard barking and then found the puppy under a nearby dock, police said.Backup officers broke a piece of the dock off and pulled the puppy out of the frigid water. The puppy was then reunited with his owner.Any longer and he could have been a pupsicle.last_img read more

first_imgSign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York One person was killed in a crash in Commack involving a garbage truck.One person was killed early Friday morning in a crash involving a garbage truck and another vehicle in Commack, Suffolk County police said.Police have yet to identify anyone involved in the crash or reveal what led to the fatal incident. The crash occurred at 3:33 a.m. on Jericho Turnpike, police said.Police have closed off Jericho Turnpike between Kings Park Road and Wyandanch Boulevard indefinitely as they continue to investigate the incident.last_img read more

first_img 19SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblr Hispanics’ use of a variety of financial products and services—such as credit cards, auto loans, and mortgages—has outpaced that of non-Hispanics in recent years.And their expenditures continue to grow, reaching $1.4 trillion in 2016, according to Miriam De Dios Woodward, CEO of Coopera.Yet 46% of Hispanics remain unbanked or underbanked, according to the FDIC.“This illustrates a tremendous opportunity for financial institutions, and specifically for credit unions, to serve this largely untapped market,” De Dios Woodward says. “Credit unions have a chance to help nearly 60 million Hispanic individuals in the U.S. access financial services.”As technology continues to improve, the way Hispanics access information and conduct financial transactions continues to evolve, says De Dios Woodward. continue reading »last_img read more

first_imgThe Jakarta Police have uncovered a ring of alleged illegal mask manufacturers seeking to tap into the recent skyrocketing price of masks following fears of a global spread of the novel coronavirus. The Jakarta Police raided a warehouse in Cilincing, North Jakarta, on Thursday where investigators seized 60 boxes containing 3,000 masks. Local residents tipped off police about a building allegedly being used as a storehouse to hoard masks. The activity was the main cause of the increasing price of masks in the capital over the past two months, Jakarta Police spokesman Sr. Comr. Yusri Yunus said.The police later found that the warehouse was not only being used to stockpile masks but also functioned as a mask production facility. Investigators discovered that the company, whose name was not disclosed, could produce 850 boxes of masks every day.“The company was… LOG INDon’t have an account? Register here Google Facebook Log in with your social account coronavirus COVID-19 Jakarta-police mask North-Jakarta Topics : Linkedin Forgot Password ?last_img read more

first_img The Norwegian coach has managed to steady the ship in the last few months at Old Trafford and United sit three points off fourth place and remain FA Cup and Europa League contenders. They have also chalked up impressive wins at Man City twice and at Chelsea, but a run of five defeats in 10 games in December and January highlighted their issues and they remain a mammoth 37 points behind Liverpool. Solskjaer and the club are well aware they need to continue rebuilding in the summer with Ed Woodward reaffirming that United will look to add to January recruit Bruno Fernandes. “We will take the same planned, disciplined, approach this coming summer,” said Woodward during the announcement of United’s Q2 financial results. And Solskjaer has hinted that his patience is wearing thin with some of his squad. “It is hard to say in percentages, but we are getting there, day by day,” said Solskjaer when talking about United’s progress. “There are still some days here when I am not 100 per cent happy with what has happened, but you understand because we are human beings. They are disappointed, but get on with it. Loading… “I am not going to feel sorry for you (the player), you have to make yourself available for the next game and competitive in situations. That is what I like. I like to see players who say, ‘okay, he has left me out for two or three games without explanation’. “I don’t have to explain every time. Sometimes I do, yeah, but it is a way for me to say I need more. You can’t just speak to them 100 times and say, ‘now we need a change in you’. You have had opportunities.” Some of the players that could be at risk are Jesse Lingard, 27, who was omitted from the squads against Watford and Chelsea last month. He was back on the bench against Everton but his future looks far from assured and just 81 minutes of Premier League action this year mean he could be offloaded in the summer. Phil Jones, 28, has also been omitted from the last four squads and his time may well be up, having being benched all season, making just two Premier League starts. Andreas Pereira, 24, was also excluded from successive squads against Watford and Club Brugge and benched against Everton. Solskajer added: “I’ve got to make decisions and one day… well, you give them one warning and that’s it probably, and then the next thing maybe they are not here anymore. You don’t have to explain every time then. You might have to think about it after. Read Also:Be patient with Solskjaer’s rebuild,Rooney urges Man Utd fans “Football has changed and some players get affected by ‘I’ve made money, I’ve made this, I’ve won a trophy, I can sit back and relax’. I had the best of the lot as a manager. If you win something you move on.” FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmail分享 Ole Gunnar Solskjaer has hinted that it could be the end of the road for a number of Manchester United’s players this summer. Promoted Content5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme ParksWhat Are The Most Delicious Foods Out There?8 Addictive And Fun Coffee Facts7 Black Hole Facts That Will Change Your View Of The UniverseCouples Who Celebrated Their Union In A Unique, Unforgettable WayAwesome Caricatures Of 23 Marvel Heroes8 Things To Expect If An Asteroid Hits Our PlanetBest & Worst Celebrity Endorsed Games Ever Made11 Most Immersive Game To Play On Your Table Top5 Of The World’s Most Unique Theme Parks8 Ways Drones Will Automate Our FutureThis Guy Photoshopped Himself Into Celeb Pics And It’s Hystericallast_img read more

first_imgHenry Mar Abellar, 21, of Barangay Mambulac, Silay City, Negros Occidental was caught on the strength of an arrest warrant around 3:20 p.m. on July 22, police said. Police officers served the warrant issued by Judge Ana Celeste Bernad of the Regional Trial Court Branch 69 in Silay City dated Oct. 21, 2019. BACOLOD City – Charged with four counts of robbery, a man was arrested in Barangay V.F. Gustilo, Cadiz City, Negros Occidental.center_img The suspect was detained in the lockup facility of the Cadiz City police station. The court recommended a P100,000 bail bond for his temporary liberty./PNlast_img read more

first_imgStatewide—The Indiana State Department of Health has reported that 492 additional Hoosiers have been diagnosed with COVID-19 today.  A total of 28,255 Indiana residents have tested positive for the coronavirus.  To date, 180,912 tests have been reported to ISDH at a 15.4% positive rate and 14 new deaths were reported for a total of 1,621 Hoosiers have died to date.Locally, Decatur County has a total of 220 positive cases and 31 deaths, Franklin County has 106 positive cases and 7 deaths, and Ripley County has 108 positive cases and 6 deaths according to numbers reported to the Indiana State Department of Health.last_img read more